※apply vi.申请；适用 & vt. 应用；努力学习, 勤奋工作
apply (to…) for… （向……）申请……
apply to do sth. 申请做某事
apply to …. 适用于……
apply sth. to … 把某物应用于……
apply oneself to (doing) sth.= be applied to (doing) sth. 致力于/专心于做某事
※application n.申请, 申请书；应用
※applicant n. 申请人
a. The person who wants to apply______ the position will be expected to have a good command of English.
b. We should apply the theory______ practice; otherwise, it is no use.
c. To my delight, I was chosen from hundreds of ______ (apply) to attend the opening ceremony.
d. Besides British citizens, the new traffic law will also apply ______ foreign drivers.
e. Due to the ______ (apply) of this medical technology, some diseases can be treated at the early stage.
答案：a. for; b.to; c. applicants; d. to; e.application
2.take up 占用时间, 占据空间；拿起；开始做；继续
take off 起飞；脱下；请假；匆匆离开；开始成功
take away 拿走；夺走
take back 收回；带回；使回忆起
take down 写下, 记下；拆卸
take in 吸收；理解；欺骗；收留
take on 承担；雇佣；呈现
take over 接管
take after 长得像
a. We tried to find a table for seven, but they were all__________.
b. Don’t be __________ by products promising to make you lose weight quickly.
c. We’re trying to ring you back, but we think we __________ your number incorrectly.
d. Mary __________ her mother; she has the same eyes, nose and hair.
e. I’m sorry I was rude; I __________ everything I said.
f. It was at the point that her acting career really __________.
g. We’ve decided to __________ a new clerk in the accounts department.
答案：a. taken up b. taken in c.took down d.takes after e.take back f.took off g.take on